schema:Book leaf node


URI

http://schema.org/Book

Label

Book

Usage

Instances of schema:Book can have the following properties:

PROPERTYTYPEDESCRIPTIONRANGE
From class schema:Book
schema:isbn rdf:Property The ISBN of the book. xsd:string
schema:numberOfPages rdf:Property The number of pages in the book. xsd:integer
From class schema:CreativeWork
schema:about rdf:Property The subject matter of the content. schema:Thing
schema:abstract rdf:Property An abstract is a short description that summarizes a [[Project]]. - An abstract is a short description that summarizes a [[CreativeWork]]. xsd:string rdf:langString
schema:author rdf:Property The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably. schema:Organization schema:Person
schema:citation rdf:Property A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc. schema:CreativeWork xsd:string
schema:conditionsOfAccess rdf:Property Conditions that affect the availability of, or method(s) of access to, an item. Typically used for real world items such as an [[ArchiveComponent]] held by an [[ArchiveOrganization]]. This property is not suitable for use as a general Web access control mechanism. It is expressed only in natural language.\\n\\nFor example \"Available by appointment from the Reading Room\" or \"Accessible only from logged-in accounts \". xsd:string
schema:copyrightHolder rdf:Property The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork. schema:Person schema:Organization
schema:copyrightNotice rdf:Property Text of a notice appropriate for describing the copyright aspects of this Creative Work, ideally indicating the owner of the copyright for the Work. xsd:string
schema:copyrightYear rdf:Property The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted. xsd:integer
schema:creativeWorkStatus rdf:Property The status of a creative work in terms of its stage in a lifecycle. Example terms include Incomplete, Draft, Published, Obsolete. Some organizations define a set of terms for the stages of their publication lifecycle. xsd:string
schema:dateCreated rdf:Property The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed. xsd:date
schema:dateModified rdf:Property The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed. xsd:date
schema:datePublished rdf:Property Date of first broadcast/publication. xsd:date
schema:editor rdf:Property Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork. schema:Person
schema:encodingFormat rdf:Property Media type typically expressed using a MIME format (see [IANA site](http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml) and [MDN reference](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Basics_of_HTTP/MIME_types)) e.g. application/zip for a SoftwareApplication binary, audio/mpeg for .mp3 etc.). In cases where a [[CreativeWork]] has several media type representations, [[encoding]] can be used to indicate each [[MediaObject]] alongside particular [[encodingFormat]] information. Unregistered or niche encoding and file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia/Wikidata entry. xsd:string
schema:funder rdf:Property A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event. - A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution. schema:Organization schema:Person
schema:genre rdf:Property Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group. sh:IRI xsd:string rdf:langString
schema:hasPart rdf:Property Indicates an item or CreativeWork that is part of this item, or CreativeWork (in some sense). schema:CreativeWork
schema:inLanguage rdf:Property The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the [IETF BCP 47 standard](http://tools.ietf.org/html/bcp47). See also [[availableLanguage]]. xsd:string
schema:isAccessibleForFree rdf:Property A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free. xsd:boolean
schema:keywords rdf:Property Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas. xsd:string sh:IRI rdf:langString
schema:license rdf:Property A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL. sh:IRI schema:CreativeWork
schema:maintainer rdf:Property A maintainer of a [[Dataset]], software package ([[SoftwareApplication]]), or other [[Project]]. A maintainer is a [[Person]] or [[Organization]] that manages contributions to, and/or publication of, some (typically complex) artifact. It is common for distributions of software and data to be based on \"upstream\" sources. When [[maintainer]] is applied to a specific version of something e.g. a particular version or packaging of a [[Dataset]], it is always possible that the upstream source has a different maintainer. The [[isBasedOn]] property can be used to indicate such relationships between datasets to make the different maintenance roles clear. Similarly in the case of software, a package may have dedicated maintainers working on integration into software distributions such as Ubuntu, as well as upstream maintainers of the underlying work. schema:Person schema:Organization
schema:mentions rdf:Property Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept. schema:Thing
schema:position rdf:Property The position of an item in a series or sequence of items. xsd:string xsd:integer
schema:publisher rdf:Property The publisher of the creative work. schema:Person schema:Organization
schema:spatialCoverage rdf:Property The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York. schema:Place
schema:temporalCoverage rdf:Property The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945". Open-ended date ranges can be written with ".." in place of the end date. For example, "2015-11/.." indicates a range beginning in November 2015 and with no specified final date. This is tentative and might be updated in future when ISO 8601 is officially updated. xsd:date xsd:string rdf:langString sh:IRI
From class schema:Thing
schema:alternateName rdf:Property An alias for the item. xsd:string
schema:description rdf:Property A description of the item. xsd:string rdf:langString
schema:identifier rdf:Property The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of [[Thing]], such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See [background notes](/docs/datamodel.html#identifierBg) for more details. xsd:string sh:IRI
schema:image rdf:Property An image of the item. sh:IRI
schema:name rdf:Property The name of the item. xsd:string
schema:sameAs rdf:Property URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website. sh:IRI
schema:url rdf:Property URL of the item. sh:IRI

Property Shapes

By the associated SHACL property shapes, instances of schema:Book can have the following properties:

PROPERTY

PROPERTY TYPE

DESCRIPTION

MIN COUNT

MAX COUNT

LOCAL RANGE
(type range for property on this class)

GLOBAL RANGE
(type range for property globally)

schema:Book
schema:isbn rdf:Property The ISBN of the book.
The ISBN of the book.
0 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:numberOfPages rdf:Property The number of pages in the book.
The number of pages in the book.
0 1 xsd:integer
owl:Thing
schema:CreativeWork
schema:about rdf:Property The subject matter of the content.
The subject matter of the content.
0 1 schema:Thing
owl:Thing
schema:abstract rdf:Property An abstract is a short description that summarizes a [[CreativeWork]].
An abstract is a short description that summarizes a [[Project]].
An abstract is a short description that summarizes a [[CreativeWork]].
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:author rdf:Property The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
1 * owl:Thing
schema:citation rdf:Property A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:conditionsOfAccess rdf:Property Conditions that affect the availability of, or method(s) of access to, an item. Typically used for real world items such as an [[ArchiveComponent]] held by an [[ArchiveOrganization]]. This property is not suitable for use as a general Web access control mechanism. It is expressed only in natural language.\\n\\nFor example \"Available by appointment from the Reading Room\" or \"Accessible only from logged-in accounts \".
Conditions that affect the availability of, or method(s) of access to, an item. Typically used for real world items such as an [[ArchiveComponent]] held by an [[ArchiveOrganization]]. This property is not suitable for use as a general Web access control mechanism. It is expressed only in natural language.\\n\\nFor example \"Available by appointment from the Reading Room\" or \"Accessible only from logged-in accounts \".
0 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:copyrightHolder rdf:Property The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:copyrightNotice rdf:Property Text of a notice appropriate for describing the copyright aspects of this Creative Work, ideally indicating the owner of the copyright for the Work.
Text of a notice appropriate for describing the copyright aspects of this Creative Work, ideally indicating the owner of the copyright for the Work.
0 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:copyrightYear rdf:Property The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
0 1 xsd:integer
owl:Thing
schema:creativeWorkStatus rdf:Property The status of a creative work in terms of its stage in a lifecycle. Example terms include Incomplete, Draft, Published, Obsolete. Some organizations define a set of terms for the stages of their publication lifecycle.
The status of a creative work in terms of its stage in a lifecycle. Example terms include Incomplete, Draft, Published, Obsolete. Some organizations define a set of terms for the stages of their publication lifecycle.
0 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:dateCreated rdf:Property The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
0 1 xsd:date
owl:Thing
schema:dateModified rdf:Property The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified or when the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
0 1 xsd:date
owl:Thing
schema:datePublished rdf:Property Date of first broadcast/publication.
Date of first broadcast/publication.
0 1 xsd:date
owl:Thing
schema:editor rdf:Property Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
0 1 schema:Person
owl:Thing
schema:encodingFormat rdf:Property Media type typically expressed using a MIME format (see [IANA site](http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml) and [MDN reference](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Basics_of_HTTP/MIME_types)) e.g. application/zip for a SoftwareApplication binary, audio/mpeg for .mp3 etc.). In cases where a [[CreativeWork]] has several media type representations, [[encoding]] can be used to indicate each [[MediaObject]] alongside particular [[encodingFormat]] information. Unregistered or niche encoding and file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia/Wikidata entry.
Media type typically expressed using a MIME format (see [IANA site](http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml) and [MDN reference](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Basics_of_HTTP/MIME_types)) e.g. application/zip for a SoftwareApplication binary, audio/mpeg for .mp3 etc.). In cases where a [[CreativeWork]] has several media type representations, [[encoding]] can be used to indicate each [[MediaObject]] alongside particular [[encodingFormat]] information. Unregistered or niche encoding and file formats can be indicated instead via the most appropriate URL, e.g. defining Web page or a Wikipedia/Wikidata entry.
0 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:funder rdf:Property A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
A person or organization that supports (sponsors) something through some kind of financial contribution.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:genre rdf:Property Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group.
Genre of the creative work, broadcast channel or group.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:hasPart rdf:Property Indicates an item or CreativeWork that is part of this item, or CreativeWork (in some sense).
Indicates an item or CreativeWork that is part of this item, or CreativeWork (in some sense).
0 * schema:CreativeWork
owl:Thing
schema:inLanguage rdf:Property The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the [IETF BCP 47 standard](http://tools.ietf.org/html/bcp47). See also [[availableLanguage]].
The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the [IETF BCP 47 standard](http://tools.ietf.org/html/bcp47). See also [[availableLanguage]].
0 * xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:isAccessibleForFree rdf:Property A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free.
A flag to signal that the item, event, or place is accessible for free.
0 1 xsd:boolean
owl:Thing
schema:keywords rdf:Property Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:license rdf:Property A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:maintainer rdf:Property A maintainer of a [[Dataset]], software package ([[SoftwareApplication]]), or other [[Project]]. A maintainer is a [[Person]] or [[Organization]] that manages contributions to, and/or publication of, some (typically complex) artifact. It is common for distributions of software and data to be based on \"upstream\" sources. When [[maintainer]] is applied to a specific version of something e.g. a particular version or packaging of a [[Dataset]], it is always possible that the upstream source has a different maintainer. The [[isBasedOn]] property can be used to indicate such relationships between datasets to make the different maintenance roles clear. Similarly in the case of software, a package may have dedicated maintainers working on integration into software distributions such as Ubuntu, as well as upstream maintainers of the underlying work.
A maintainer of a [[Dataset]], software package ([[SoftwareApplication]]), or other [[Project]]. A maintainer is a [[Person]] or [[Organization]] that manages contributions to, and/or publication of, some (typically complex) artifact. It is common for distributions of software and data to be based on \"upstream\" sources. When [[maintainer]] is applied to a specific version of something e.g. a particular version or packaging of a [[Dataset]], it is always possible that the upstream source has a different maintainer. The [[isBasedOn]] property can be used to indicate such relationships between datasets to make the different maintenance roles clear. Similarly in the case of software, a package may have dedicated maintainers working on integration into software distributions such as Ubuntu, as well as upstream maintainers of the underlying work.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:mentions rdf:Property Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
0 * schema:Thing
owl:Thing
schema:position rdf:Property The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:publisher rdf:Property The publisher of the creative work.
The publisher of the creative work.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:spatialCoverage rdf:Property The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York.
The spatialCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the place(s) which are the focus of the content. It is a subproperty of contentLocation intended primarily for more technical and detailed materials. For example with a Dataset, it indicates areas that the dataset describes: a dataset of New York weather would have spatialCoverage which was the place: the state of New York.
0 * schema:Place
owl:Thing
schema:temporalCoverage rdf:Property The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945". Open-ended date ranges can be written with ".." in place of the end date. For example, "2015-11/.." indicates a range beginning in November 2015 and with no specified final date. This is tentative and might be updated in future when ISO 8601 is officially updated.
The temporalCoverage of a CreativeWork indicates the period that the content applies to, i.e. that it describes, either as a DateTime or as a textual string indicating a time period in ISO 8601 time interval format. In the case of a Dataset it will typically indicate the relevant time period in a precise notation (e.g. for a 2011 census dataset, the year 2011 would be written "2011/2012"). Other forms of content e.g. ScholarlyArticle, Book, TVSeries or TVEpisode may indicate their temporalCoverage in broader terms - textually or via well-known URL. Written works such as books may sometimes have precise temporal coverage too, e.g. a work set in 1939 - 1945 can be indicated in ISO 8601 interval format format via "1939/1945". Open-ended date ranges can be written with ".." in place of the end date. For example, "2015-11/.." indicates a range beginning in November 2015 and with no specified final date. This is tentative and might be updated in future when ISO 8601 is officially updated.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:Thing
schema:alternateName rdf:Property An alias for the item.
An alias for the item.
0 * xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:description rdf:Property A description of the item.
A description of the item.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:identifier rdf:Property The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of [[Thing]], such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See [background notes](/docs/datamodel.html#identifierBg) for more details.
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of [[Thing]], such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See [background notes](/docs/datamodel.html#identifierBg) for more details.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:image rdf:Property An image of the item.
An image of the item.
0 1 owl:Thing
schema:name rdf:Property The name of the item.
The name of the item.
1 1 xsd:string
owl:Thing
schema:sameAs rdf:Property URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
0 * owl:Thing
schema:url rdf:Property URL of the item.
URL of the item.
0 * owl:Thing

Implementation

@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .
@prefix schema: <http://schema.org/> .

schema:Book a rdfs:Class ;
    rdfs:subClassOf schema:CreativeWork .